新萄京计算机网络

 新萄京计算机网络     |      2019-12-21

python3 基本数据类型_1,python3数据类型_1

不得已,要学习python3了,之前了解到py2与py3有很大不同,不过学起来才能感觉到,比如print。

不过,同样的代码,可以使用py3,py2执行,结果也相似,大家可以看看。

大概因为初学,还未找到巨大差异处,比如有些函数、方法在py3中已经被弃用了

代码如下:

 1 #!urs/bin/python3
 2 #coding:utf-8
 3 
 4 #定义变量a,b,c并赋值
 5 a,b,c=1,5.3,"sub2020"
 6 #输出变量赋值类型
 7 print (type(a),type(b),type(c))
 8 
 9 #输出字符串c的长度
10 print ("len(c):" ,len(c))
11 #输出c
12 print (c)
13 #输出c的 第一个[0] 到: 倒数第二个[-1] 之间的字符
14 print ("(c[0:-1]):" ,(c[0:-1]))
15 #输出第一个字符
16 print ("(c[0]):" ,(c[0]))
17 #输出c 索引[1]-[6]之间的字符
18 print ("(c[1:6]):", (c[1:6])) 
19 
20 #Python中的字符串有两种索引方式,从左往右以0开始,从右往左以-1开始
21 #输出 索引[-1]-[-4]之间的字符
22 print ("(c[-1:-4]):", (c[-1:-4]))
23 #输出 索引[-4]-[-1]之间的字符
24 print ("(c[-4:-1]):", (c[-4:-1]))
25 #输出索引[2]以后的字符
26 print ("(c[2:]):", (c[2:]))
27 #输出2次c
28 print ("(c*2):", (c*2))
29 #输出两个字符串链接后的结果
30 print ('(c+"WWW"):', (c+"WWW"))
31 
32 print ("*"*60)
33 list1=['sub',2020,'sub2020',20.20,'http']
34 list2=['www',[1,2,3]]
35 
36 print ("list1 :" ,list1)
37 print ("list2 :" ,list2)
38 print ("len(list1) :" , len(list1))
39 print ("len(list2) :", len(list2))
40 print ("(list1[0:4]) :", (list1[0:4]))
41 # print ("(list1[-1]) :" (list1[-1])) 输出错误,list无法用负值索引
42 print ("list2*2 :", list2*2)
43 print ("list1+list2 :", list1+list2)
44 
45 #List中的元素是可以改变的
46 list1[4]="new"
47 print ("new list1 :" ,list1)
48 
49 print ("*"*60)
50 tuple1=('sub',2020,'sub2020',20.20,'http')
51 tuple2=('www',[1,2,3])
52 
53 print ("tuple1 :" ,tuple1)
54 print ("tuple2 :" ,tuple2)
55 print ("len(tuple1) :" , len(tuple1))
56 print ("len(tuple2) :", len(tuple2))
57 print ("(tuple1[0:4]) :", (tuple1[0:4]))
58 #元组有两种索引方式,从左往右以0开始,从右往左以-1开始
59 print ("tuple1[-1] :" ,(tuple1[-1]))
60 print ("tuple2*2 :", tuple2*2)
61 print ("tuple1+tuple2 :", tuple1+tuple2)
62 
63 #tuple中的元素不可改变
64 #tuple1[4]="new"
65 #print ("new tuple1 :" ,tuple1)

 py3 output:

<class 'int'> <class 'float'> <class 'str'>
len(c): 7
sub2020
(c[0:-1]): sub202
(c[0]): s
(c[1:6]): ub202
(c[-1:-4]): 
(c[-4:-1]): 202
(c[2:]): b2020
(c*2): sub2020sub2020
(c+"WWW"): sub2020WWW
************************************************************
list1 : ['sub', 2020, 'sub2020', 20.2, 'http']
list2 : ['www', [1, 2, 3]]
len(list1) : 5
len(list2) : 2
(list1[0:4]) : ['sub', 2020, 'sub2020', 20.2]
list2*2 : ['www', [1, 2, 3], 'www', [1, 2, 3]]
list1+list2 : ['sub', 2020, 'sub2020', 20.2, 'http', 'www', [1, 2, 3]]
new list1 : ['sub', 2020, 'sub2020', 20.2, 'new']
************************************************************
tuple1 : ('sub', 2020, 'sub2020', 20.2, 'http')
tuple2 : ('www', [1, 2, 3])
len(tuple1) : 5
len(tuple2) : 2
(tuple1[0:4]) : ('sub', 2020, 'sub2020', 20.2)
tuple1[-1] : http
tuple2*2 : ('www', [1, 2, 3], 'www', [1, 2, 3])
tuple1+tuple2 : ('sub', 2020, 'sub2020', 20.2, 'http', 'www', [1, 2, 3])

py2 output

(<type 'int'>, <type 'float'>, <type 'str'>)
('len(c):', 7)
sub2020
('(c[0:-1]):', 'sub202')
('(c[0]):', 's')
('(c[1:6]):', 'ub202')
('(c[-1:-4]):', '')
('(c[-4:-1]):', '202')
('(c[2:]):', 'b2020')
('(c*2):', 'sub2020sub2020')
('(c+"WWW"):', 'sub2020WWW')
************************************************************
('list1 :', ['sub', 2020, 'sub2020', 20.2, 'http'])
('list2 :', ['www', [1, 2, 3]])
('len(list1) :', 5)
('len(list2) :', 2)
('(list1[0:4]) :', ['sub', 2020, 'sub2020', 20.2])
('list2*2 :', ['www', [1, 2, 3], 'www', [1, 2, 3]])
('list1+list2 :', ['sub', 2020, 'sub2020', 20.2, 'http', 'www', [1, 2, 3]])
('new list1 :', ['sub', 2020, 'sub2020', 20.2, 'new'])
************************************************************
('tuple1 :', ('sub', 2020, 'sub2020', 20.2, 'http'))
('tuple2 :', ('www', [1, 2, 3]))
('len(tuple1) :', 5)
('len(tuple2) :', 2)
('(tuple1[0:4]) :', ('sub', 2020, 'sub2020', 20.2))
('tuple1[-1] :', 'http')
('tuple2*2 :', ('www', [1, 2, 3], 'www', [1, 2, 3]))
('tuple1+tuple2 :', ('sub', 2020, 'sub2020', 20.2, 'http', 'www', [1, 2, 3]))
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "basic_data_type.py", line 66, in <module>
    tuple2[1]=[1,2,3,4]
TypeError: 'tuple' object does not support item assignment

***Repl Closed***

quote:

基本数据类型_1,python3数据类型_1 不得已,要学习python3了,之前了解到py2与py3有很大不同,不过学起来才能感觉到,比如print。 不过...